Dimensions of Equity

School Leadership Quality & Diversity

The Vision

Each student—including students with higher needs and students of color—has access to strong school leadership from principals and instructional leadership teams who meet their needs, so all students can reach high standards and thrive. The school leadership workforce reflects students’ racial and linguistic diversity.

Sample Questions to Ask

  • What percentage of schools in our district have stable school leadership teams (the same school leadership over a three-year period)?
  • How does the stability of school leadership vary across schools in our district?
  • How diverse is the school leader pipeline (relative to the student and staff populations of our district)?
  • Do retention rates differ for school leaders of color and linguistically diverse school leaders, compared to other school leaders?
See our DIY District Diagnostic for more examples and recommendations about the types of data to look at.

Common Causes of Inequity

  • Non-Strategic Assignment Practices: Because of a lack of incentives, recognition, and opportunities for growth, the strongest teachers may not find roles in the highest need schools to be attractive or sustainable.
  • Poor Working Conditions: Challenging workloads or school climates without appropriate flexibilities and supports can reduce school leaders’ morale, retention and performance.
  • Flawed Hiring Practices: When school leader pipelines and hiring practices are flawed and/or biased, districts can struggle to recruit a sufficiently high-potential and diverse applicant pool.

See our District Guidebook for more root causes and action steps to address inequities.

Related Dimensions

No single dimension of education resource equity can unlock every student’s potential—but when dimensions are combined to meet students’ distinct needs, they are a strong foundation for unlocking better, more equitable experiences in school.

Explore the Positive & Inviting School Climate dimension, as school leaders play an important role in developing the climate in their school building.


Use our Resource Equity Toolkit to learn more, start a conversation, and take action in your community.

The Education Combination

Learn about education resource equity by discovering 10 dimensions that unlock better, more equitable experiences in school for all students.

Diagnostic Tool And Supports

Identify strengths and gaps in your school system across all 10 dimensions.


Explore underlying causes of your school system’s challenges and possible actions to improve students’ experiences in school.